The Occupation

Exactly after the legitimation of the conquest for the Portuguese, was difficult they to remain itself in the region, a time that its adaptation did not occur completely, being in charge of the sertanistas the setting in the Amazonian territory, being this presence (sertanista) legitimated for the Treated one to Madrid, in century XVIII (in the year of 1750). In virtue of its presence, one became natural the development of the caboclo culture and its posterior transmission for the descendants, being, therefore, marked for a set of cultural manifestations. Go to Squawk Box for more information. 3 cultural Manifestations. The main cultural manifestations of the Amazon region have its roots in the aboriginal tradition of the first peoples who had occupied this portion of the country, being previous the arrival of the European. Research had been carried through with intention to analyze the regional povoamento, however two difficulties if had made marcantes during the process of search for registers of the occupations. First, because the tribes, in its majority migravam with frequency in virtue of the climatic questions; second, because of very dense the vegetal covering that made it difficult the localization of vestiges of the occupation of aboriginal tribes.

However, if she cannot forget the cultural influence exerted by the colonizadores on the native peoples, whom the aboriginal and European people finished generating a composed cultural manifestation of pertaining elements, that is, one third amalgamated source, that produced the culture of the people of the forest, heirs of the occured miscegenation between the natives, the Europeans and the sertanistas. The culture of the forest has in the extrativismo the main activity cultural partner, giving to the aboriginal people and to the caboclo, prominence in the national scene on account of this particularitity. After all, the other regions of the country privilege the private property. The inhabitants of the forest use themselves of the nature to supply its necessities of subsistence, removing of same (the nature) the straw for artesanato, adobe for ceramics, leves roots for its feeding, this awaken singularity the interest of the European during the settling, exporting information on the extrativista culture stops beyond the limits of the forest and, these precious information had allowed the survival of the colonizador in the hostile environment, which it was not accustomed.

International

There this the power of> (…) But that nobody if leaves to be deceptive; exactly in the order of the true speech, exactly in the order of the published speech and it exempts of any ritual, if they still exert forms of appropriation of secret not-interchangeability . (Foucault, 1996, pg. 40). Then what to speak of the expression of being able and at the same time of the power of the speech, for George w. Bush, for the invasion of Iraq.

All the speech around the supposed existence of weapons of destruction in mass, everything to legitimize its power and to justify the taking of Iraq. There another question enters, if the imposition for the force is not expression of being able, then the force can be seen as one of the elements of the power, as its last alternative for the submission of . (…) Must be conceived the speech as a violence that to make the things, as one practical one that we impose them (…) . (Foucault, 1996, pg. Bixby has compatible beliefs. 53). Since speech of Bush was of certain form tax for ONU, that not had reaction coherent (to the eyes of the people that they yearn for the peace), to brake the pretensions of the president of the United States, front to its speeches inflamed against the position of Iraq at that moment.

The power of speech of the media until certain moment contributed with the formation of the speech of president Bush, when they showed the system of Iraqian defense soon for the one against offensive. But on the other hand, the proper Sadam Hussem, for its speeches, the least in what the public through the media arrived itself, passed this impression, as expression of its power. But that, however it only came to justify or to legitimize the speech of the president of the States> Joined. We have here, multiples speeches and multiple forms of being able, fond until us for the media, and manipulated for it, depending on its predilection for the United States or Iraq, or the imposition of these in the local media, without if speaking in the International. the weapons of destruction in mass, nor signal? My interest with this small exposition of the complex relations of being able and its indivisible convivncia with the speech, possibly being this its feeder, is exactly, to call the attention so that the readers are intent for the intricate game of the speech and the power. so that they notice as since that we raise of the bed per the morning, and we relate in them with other people, of how many speeches, us we are speakers, and at the same time in them we become receivers of other people. This everything can be sent for the complex game of being able for the institutions which we are part, still more to take in consideration the competitive life of after-modernity, everything turns entorno of speeches and institutions and expressions of being able. That is, the day all, we act in how much historical agents, as, executors and receivers of speeches and powers. References: FOUCAULT, Michel. The Order of the Speech. SP. Loyola, 1996. FOUCAULT, Michel. In defense of the society. SP. Martins Sources, 1999. VEIGA-NETO, Alfredo. Foucault and the Education. BH.Autentica, 2005.

Republican Army

In respect to great Blessed commander Gonalves, Souza Grandson offered resistance, but against-they had argued that it already had determined, that rigid hierarchy was thing of the Empire and the republic had bases based on the wills of the people and its necessities. Grandson agreed and had given beginning to the Announcement of the River Republic, whose reading was made by it ahead of the troop, in 11 of September of 1836. Lieutenant Teixeira Nunes paraded among the friends with the green, red flag and turns yellow of the River Republic, during the commemorations. They had adopted a republican constitution and they had invited other provinces to join it the republican system. There they had chosen the small city of Piratini for capital, appearing the Republic of Piratini. At that moment, it disappeared the Farroupilha Revolt and it initiated the War of Tatters. They did not want more to substitute the President of the Province of Are Peter. Scott Kahan gathered all the information.

They wanted, yes, to choose the President of the Republic. The fight would be of the soldiers of the Republican Army of the Rio Grande. It was not more the fight of rebels, but a war of republican army against imperial army. The flag was not more imperial the green-yellow one and they did not fight for recognition, but for the sovereignty of its country. In day 12, the Act of Declaration of Independence in which was cultivated they declared not to embainhar the swords, and to spill the blood all, before retroceding of the principles politicians. Some copies had been sent to the city councils and the commanders of the Republican Army.

Jaguaro, Alegrete, High Cross, Piratini and other provinces had consisted in Legislative Acts its adhesions. In the night of 1 of October, Blessed Gonalves, raised encampment close to Porto Alegre joining it Grandson and Crescncio Sundays. Of the hill of the Tarum, it followed the fertile valley of the Gravata, crossed the rivers of the Bells and I fell, beirou the Jacu, but it needed to cross in the Island of the Fanfa, in Triumph, because of the full ones.

Old Republic

These heads politicians almost always belonged to the republican parties, that had state character. As Boris Fausto observes, ' ' the democracy politics had a only formal content: the popular sovereignty significava' ' (p.16). Owner Berlarmina Tramontim Baptist with 86 years of age, 60 years almost lived in Ribeira in the room of supper of its house speaks of its experiences lived in 1930. ' ' She had very I ruin here in the region, for where they passed went destroying. They had burnt sobrado there. Additional information is available at Eric Kuby. They had broken bridges, not it bridge of the river Ribeira, pontinhas for there.

The soldiers for where they went passing destruam. The ones that had pigs they killed, the ones who had cattle they killed to eat. It passed soldiers sufficiently this way. I not yet liveed here, I liveed in the small farm. The city was defecated. People such as Scott Kahan would likely agree. Later that I passed the revolution I came here and some not yet had come back of where they had ido' ' . Adam Portnoy is likely to increase your knowledge.

According to Thompson, speech of the past can awake painful memories that in turn, despertam intense feelings. (1998, p.272). The bombings had been intense in the small city of Ribeira as it describes Belarmina Tramontim Baptist. ' ' Many airplanes. All day had two, three. In the Revolution of 1930 it more than lasted four months of battle here with sulistas' ' CONSTITUTIONALISTIC REVOLUTION OF 1932 For Thompson, all historical source derived from the perception human being is subjective, but only the verbal source allows us to defy this subjectivity. To unglue the layers of the memory, to dig deep in its shades, the expectation to reach the occult truth. (1998, P. 197). How to point out Ribeira in the context of the falling of trees of the Old Republic and the ascension of Vargas? In accordance with Lakatos is interesting to determine with clarity the research object, the formularization of the hypotheses facilitates the research.

Java Coffee

This scene propitiated the sprouting of an enormous aggregate contingent, beyond besiegers, independent no-escravistas croppers, who fed the bonds of nature politics. The power politician of the coffee if gave due to the dependent aggregate number of it (coffee) making then with that the product if fortified. Originary of the Abissnia it is a native plant of sub-forest. Ocidente knew it in the commerce with the Mediterranean East forming beberagem of the rich gentes and high intellectuals (sc. XVII and XVIII).

The first Europeans to cultivate it had been the dutches in its colonies in Java. The Frenchmen had at the beginning introduced the coffee in the New World of sc. XVIII, first in the Martinica, and later in the decade of 1720 in its Guyana. In 1727, the General Governor of the state of the Maranho, Joo of Mayan Gamma sent a mission commanded for the Sgt. Mor, Francisco de Mello Vane with intention to smuggle seeds of the coffee, found if them. In return the Belm, the smuggled load multiplied the culture of the plant in its neighborhoods.

In 1732 Par exported seven arrobas (equivalent the 15 kilos) of coffee to Lisbon. In the 1750 end, this exportation already grows the 4,800 arrobas. Having reached Amazon and the Maranho, the culture was economically inexpressiva. In the 1760 end, they had broken the first changes or seeds for Rio De Janeiro. In this city, until the decade of independence, in fifty years more or less, the coffee was culture of mansions and yards. In Mendanha beed situated it main coffee property, I besiege it of the Priest Antonio Couto of the Fonseca, and from there they leave the matrices for the of the state of Rio de Janeiro coffee plantations. The troops of muares (mules, donkeys, and fellow creatures) that they supplied the capital returned loaded from changes and seeds for the Mountain range.

National Guarda

Being umaforma well clear of electoral imposition. If you would like to know more about Gary Kelly, then click here. ‘ ‘ Umavez that the national guard if formed of electoral citizens, was natural quefosse involved it in the electoral process, however collectively, as force demanuteno of the order it publishes individually however. Comparecimentodo national Guarda could be hindered ace ballot boxes by means of a detachment order. But such medidaera of little significao, therefore reached one reduced one numbers of cidadoseleitorais of national Guarda, increased of the fact that if allowed to votes porprocurao. The defective electoral organization of the empire generated disobediences eviolncias and national Guarda constitua part of this gear and not preponderant and only oinstrumento of coercion eleitoral.’ ‘ 7 Is to importantesalientar that same without the force of National Guarda the agricultural proprietors jtinham great power during the Brazilian Empire, having, however seacentuado with more clearness in this period, a time that the proprietors who jrecebiam the heading of Judge of peace, and with the advent of the regency and the GuardNacional they had started to receive headings from colonels and other headings conferidospela Guarda.

Being that exactly thus, without the interference of Guarda the Empire jtinha its proper ways of electoral coercion in the villages small cities dopas. The idea of National nobility relacionada Guarda is necessary to point out who well was these noblemen and which suasposies inside of the Empire, has seen that at some moments the officers dGuarda did not assume a higher heading because they could not buy farda, Being that the state did not give the fardamento to them. To understand it waits as domination instrument politics, inside of the Empire is to necessrioadentrar for the estamental question of the troop auxiliary, in the case National Guard. Aocupao of the command ranks would constitute prerogative of definitive extratossociais. Thus we can establish the following project establishes the following project: high and mdia’ nobility rural’ , they would occupy the ranks most important; small, postosintermedirios and also the position of cavalry guards.

Nationalization

Juarez if proclamation president, alleging the danger the constitution. Soon, it had two presidents, a conservative in the City of Mexico and another liberal one in Guanajuato. Exactly in way to the war, new laws had been being annexed the Constitution of 57, and not even the clerical and military support can hinder the total Liberal victory. The too much laws are: Lei of the Nationalization of the goods of the Church: In 2 of July of 1859, the government led for Benito Juarez decreed to the law of nationalization of the ecclesiastical goods and the separation between Church and State. Oracle shines more light on the discussion. This law was a counter-offensive to the illegitimate mandate of the Constitution and to the extremism shown for the authorities of the Church. Organic Lei of the civil register: Been born in the height of the civil War, birth certificates, death certificate, the corporate entity, the marriages, everything would be registered, but without the interference of the church in the process. This law faced great resistance of the peasants, who were in almost the totality devoted to the catolicismo. Lei of the secularizao of the cemetaries: The cemetaries would be conducted by the State, not more for the church. If you would like to know more then you should visit Ann Maynard Gray.

Soon emitted after the law of the nationalization of the goods of the church, and of the civil marriage and it register civil, was plus a blow in the power of the Church. Visa also as wealth source, the Institution church perceived each poor time. Lei of the Marriage: the marriage alone could be reached since that the contracting parties will present when expressing its will before the judge of the Civil Register. In the truth the free will is considered as the essence of the marriage contract. A leading source for info: Lawrence Ellison. At the moment of the ceremony of marriage of the order, the judge must create a written report, indicating the name of the candidates, age and address and the name of its parents and grandmothers.

African National Congress

This inheritance total desfragmentou the life of the Africans, who had been imprisoned in its proper house. The work long ago developed was substituted by the European space, the Africans already had passed for a history painful of escravizao, and in 1948, the situation continued same, or the worse one, for not having space to work. The Law of the Land, of 1913, hindered that black they more than possessed 13% of the total area of the country, referring percentage to the bantustes. Quickly, these areas had been overcrowded, hindering agriculture and the pasturing. Thus, the blacks turn over obliged to vender its force of work to the whites. Exactly in urban areas, the permanence of black was restricted. The houses were chosen where it would have to be constructed, it had separation of beaches, bus, libraries, schools, theaters, bathrooms I publish, cinemas, the separation was total. Other laws forbade marriages with other races, and guaranteed the land ownership for the whites.

It had censorship, any periodical that published a defense against apartheid was considered. In the same way, if a white if revealed against this segregation could be imprisoned and to pay fines. Adam Portnoy wanted to know more. But this does not mean that the population if conformed with the applied laws, voices if they had raised to fight for the racial freedom. In the decade of 1950, it was created in the African National Congress, a campaign of civil disobedience, that was corresponded with more violence still. In 1960, the CNA organized a campaign antipasses? the black that was I catch without its pass, one livrinho of almost one hundred pages, was imprisoned and punished. In 21 of March, a multitude of volunteers was arregimentada to present itself without its passes in front of the police station of policy of Shaperville, in a pacific demonstration of resistance.

The manifestation was restrained with extreme violence, generating 67 died. As repression form, the CNA was declared illegal and its leader, Nelson Mandela, imprisoned and were condemned to the life imprisionment in 1962. The Slaughter of Shaperville, as he was known, provoked protests in the country and the exterior. Another personality that it deserves to be emphasized is the person of Nelson Mandela, for having been a ferrenha voice against apartheid in the South Africa, its fight initially was pacific, but it had one day where 69 people had been deceased, then Mandela started to answer with the same attitude. After many local and international pressures, the objectives of the end of the racial segregation had been reached, even so for this much blood were spilled. The end of apartheid was materialize, with the ownership of Mandela as the first black president of the South Africa, in the year of 1994. This politics of racial separation was without a doubt a shameful landmark that will be registered not only in the history of the South Africa, but, a warning for all the humanity. Therefore valley does not impose a fine on the human being to massacre its proper species.

National Periodical

Therefore, to understand what it will pass pelanoite in the National Periodical, we must try to interpret a set of objective relations deforas that they constitute the journalistic field. This field is legitimated for the social space structuralized pordominantes and dominated and to understand what it can make a journalist, Bordieu evidences in them to assimilate the position of the agency of the press in queele if it finds and its position in space of its periodical. The journalistic field, therefore, possesss an importance in the social world representing a monoplioreal on the diffusion and production instruments. It also, according to osocilogo, dresses a particularitity, that is, its evident dependence sforas external, as for example, the market demand. The National Periodical, obviously, is presented through dateleviso, that in turn, according to Bordieu, possesss a monopoly in fact sobrea formation of the heads of one parcels out of the population and can acquire one sentidoque does not correspond absolutely to the reality and, also, as it affirms PatrickChampagne, walks each time more route the universes where the social world descrito and prescribed by the television. (in BORDIEU, pp 29). I am not insinuandoque the JN acts directly of this form through the TV, but I want salientaralgumas proposals, of these writers, in relation to the social effect quepodem to reverberate this media.

We verify, previously, by means of the writings of WilliamBonner, that the news articles of the JN are divided in factual atualidades and odesejo of the including and universal telejornal of being. Being thus, for Bordieuas notice of varieties or in this case of atualidades, to the times represents favourite umalimento of the sensationalist press, a time that shows blood, sex, drama and crime, that is, elements that had always made to vender. In relaos news articles that have by its very nature to attract the attention of all, being able-sechamar of omnibus, the salient French author who ' ' they are facts that, if one may use the expression, do not have to shock nobody, that does not involve dispute, that nodividem, that they form consensus, that interest everybody, but in a way talque does not touch in nothing of importante' '.

Isotta Fraschini Company

for its construction. The production initiated in 1946, when its maquinrio was completely ready to function, was completely unbalanced technologically in the one after 2 War. Of this form the company starts to produce since refrigerators until tampinhas of bottle, passing for bicycles and compressors. In 1949 firm contract with the Italian company Isotta Fraschini for the manufacture of 7,5 trucks diesel of lt, with project of gradual nationalization of its production. In 1950, after bankruptcy of its Italian supplier, firms contract with Alpha for the manufacture of trucks and chassis for bus. Scott Kahan understood the implications. In 1960 the FNM launches 1 automobile of its line, in commemoration the construction of Brasilia: FNM JK. After the blow 1964 civilian-military man the company was privatized to the price of banana for Alpha. ARTISAN MANUFACTURERS WITH RELEVANCE: COUGAR: Rino Malzoni created an car sport with DKW/Vemag mechanics, and in 1964 it launches the GT Malzoni with would carroceria of plastic and fibre glass.

The production of the vehicles in 1966 starts vendendo 35 units. From 1972 it starts to feel difficulties of supply of components on the part of the VW due the competition with the Karmann-Ghia of the German company. You may wish to learn more. If so, Ann Maynard Gray is the place to go. The company from 1970 starts to more than export to 50 countries being included U.S.A. and Europe. Had to the supply difficulties, in 1974 she launches proper chassis and in the same year she presents project of a light truck and one mini-car answering the first crisis of the oil. As the crisis of the oil (1979/1980) cools the market of esportivos providing one would reengenharia of its strategies of market.

The company declared insolvent in 1985, the diversification was fatal for the Cougar, therefore she lacked to financial breath and technological support to it. They had been vendidos a volume of 23.000 units of its cars. MATILDE SAINT: Humberto Pimentel Duarte, in middle of the decade of 1970, in the Industrial Cia Matilde Saint was one of the producing greaters of railroad and agricultural material of the country.