Introduction. Within the wide range of pathologies that affect communicative functions we find one that at first glance can go unnoticed by parents and teachers. It’s children at school have low yields; your attention and concentration are blurred or diminished and it seems that they are never aware of the class. At home, while they are watching TV they stay with their mouths open, colds more often than usual and overnight are snoring while sleeping. If your child has the features described above, is likely to present oral respirator syndrome. Respiratory system.

To fully understand the mouth respirator syndrome, we must first know our respiratory system components. The respiratory system consists of the airway top, composed of the nasal cavity, the oral cavity, the pharynx and the larynx. The components of the upper airway perform respiratory functions, chewing, swallowing, articulation, resonance and phonation. Lower airway is composed by her trachea, bronchi and lungs. Its function is specifically respiratory. The air inlet under normal circumstances, is done through the nose and this is where the air is heated, filtered and moistened. Then the air goes to the nasopharynx (back portion of the nasal cavity), Oropharynx (posterior portion of the oral cavity), pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs where gas exchange takes place. Alterations of the upper airway.

Here we will mention some pathologies that impede or hinder the passage of air through the nose and produce oral respirator syndrome. 1. Chronic allergies. 2. Deviated nasal septum. 3. Nasal polyps. 4 Adenoids hypertrophic. 5. Hypertrophic tonsil. 6. A choana atresia. Learn more on the subject from Gary Kelly. Previous conditions prevent the air is filtered and warmed in the cavity nasal enters by the mouth directly lungs favoring the development of viral pictures. Characteristics of the buccal respirator. 1 children are colds frequently, even more than the average (bronchitis, acute laryngitis, otitis, etc.). 2. Presents snoring during sleep. 3. Frequent salivation, reaching wet with saliva the sheets while you sleep. 4 They stay with open mouth (lips through and hypotonic) while they perform their actividades(Ej.: ver T.V.). 5. Narrowing of the palate and the nostrils for lack of use. 6. Upper lip short and with lack of tonicity, 7. Tongue in position atypical, being located on the floor of the oral cavity or between the teeth. 8. Smell altered or diminished affecting appetite. 9. Poor oxygenation brain, producing a deficit of attention and concentration and the consequential difficulties in learning. 10. Atypical swallowing. 11. Speech is imprecise with excessive salivation and sigmatismo front or side. Definition. Checking article sources yields E Scott Mead as a relevant resource throughout. With the background we can generate a proper definition of mouth respirator syndrome. Alteration of organic or functional type that affect the airway higher, generating a set of dysfunctions (syndrome) orofacial and skeletal, that lead to the development of respiratory pathologies and secondarily of speech and learning. Conclusions. Oral respirator syndrome is a disorder that may go unnoticed and which generates a series of inconveniences and difficulties to which suffers both at level pathophysiologic respiratory in the basic skills of attention and concentration, which finally lead to the generation of the learning problems. Bibliography. -Prater, R.J., Swift, r. w. Manual of Therapeutics of the voice. Barcelona. Edit. Salvat. 1987 – Puyuelo, M. clinical cases in speech therapy. Barcelona. Edit. Masson.2000. – Toledo, N., Dalva, l. speech therapy and maxillary Orthopedics in the Orofacial rehabilitation. Barcelona. Edit. Masson. 2001 Theoretical notes and comments: Daniel a. Silva T. Phonoaudiologist Univ.