Dnipropetrovsk National University

In Ukraine, Grigory Potemkin city Masons laid LOTS, that on the Dnieper River, founded in 1787, was conceived not only as the third capital of the vast Russian empire, Caledonia, but also as an embodiment of the innermost aspirations of the Potemkin. He drafted the "Inscription of Ekaterinoslav 'on October 6, 1786," which was based on two architectural object – the Palace and the Cathedral of the Transfiguration. And each of them carried a unsolved secret. They are engaged in the solution candidate of historical sciences, associate professor of Russian history, Dnipropetrovsk National University Oles Gonchar, a historian Max Kavun. When writing a dissertation on "The origin and early history of Ekaterinoslav" he was confronted with a lack of local archives of old documents that have been lost, which burned during the war. But in Moscow and St. Petersburg archives had found an interesting information.

Why Potemkin city identified the mountain? Tenacity with which Potemkin defended the idea of building the city on the rugged granite and arid mountain, struck his contemporaries, and the current architects. On rules of the time were building castles on the mountain, not the city. It was more convenient and cheaper, and the rules of classicism demanded a clear plan for low-lying areas. Perhaps the fault inherent megalomania Serene? A perhaps, as concluded Maxim E., in the mountain of Transfiguration, he saw a certain similarity with the Temple Mount of Jerusalem? This version shows four artifacts: Transfiguration Church, with Potemkin Palace system dug underneath the underground passages, and topographic maps.

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