International Organization

To achieve the goal of unification of normative documents of various countries have established international standards bodies, which include national authorities individual countries. There are two international standards body: cen – Comite Europeen de Normalisation (European Committee for Standardization), which includes the national standards organizations of European countries and that developing and produces normative documents en (European regulatory documentation); iso – International Organization for Standartization (International Organization for Standardization), which includes the standardization bodies all over the world, and which develops and produces standards for iso (standards, operating on a global level). On ceramic tiles are standard uni en iso. This reduction means that the standard for ceramic tile works in Italy, since it was developed body of uni, and that it is identical to standards applicable in other European countries (as it is the European standards EN) and worldwide (because the standards ISO). Table 1: Country National Organization for Standardization Austria on Belgium ibn uk bsi din Germany Greece Ireland ds Denmark elot nsai Iceland str aenor Spain Italy uni itm Luxembourg Netherlands Norway nsf nni Portugal ipq sfs Finland France afnor sis Sweden Switzerland snv Content Standards for Ceramic Tile: A generally considered standards contain the following: classification of ceramic tiles in groups (types); certain characteristics that should have tile that belongs to each group, depending on their destination; specification and description of methods for measuring various characteristics, an indication of eligibility criteria, which must correspond to jets belonging to any of the groups for each characteristic. In general, eligibility criteria are the limits or reference values, which should correspond to jets, to be recognized quality, and additional details, compliance with which is necessary for the application ce mark of quality, confirming the reliability of the product to the customer.

Brick Walls

Color bricks depends on the clay of its composition. In most cases, after firing bricks becomes a classic brick red color, it is called red. Also there is clay, and they make the bricks white, yellow and apricot colors. There are, of course, other colors, but they were obtained by adding pigments. The more voids in the brick, the wall will be warmer than out of it.

In addition, this brick is easier and the load on the foundation correspondingly less. Keep in mind when laying a brick, the solution must be more viscous, or else he will score in the blank hole and a wall of bricks will not be in such a really warm, quite the contrary. Brick is defective, if its manufacture has occurred underburning or burnout. Brick of good quality with the impact should be ringing and core should be more saturated color than the rest. If marriage is a mustard-colored brick, and a dull sound when struck.

Outs of the defective brick is a low frost resistance, and poor resistance to moisture. But it is worth noting that if the brick , it is believed that it will be more durable. It is worth mentioning about the lime inclusions, gost their presence in the brick does not believe in marriage. In the raw clay with limestone, in cooking bricks that crushed limestone, but there are unfortunate cases where the remains of its grain. Less of this is that these grains as if blown, it happens due to ingress of moisture. Another version of marriage – efflorescence. Outwardly appear as white spots and stains, and after laying is completed. Efflorescence occur due to migration of salts from solution, bricks, air. It is impossible to predict efflorescence will manifest or not. For their prevention help a few rules: when laying is to use a more dense solution. Do not lay bricks in the rainy season, at night, fresh clutch is closed, the solution for masonry should not be smeared on the front. Facade even possible to cover preservative. If you have efflorescence on the wall there, it's likely a year or two, they will disappear, so say the builders.

Seamless Coverage

During the construction of any plant, factory, warehouse, service center is always a serious question arises what to do floors. Currently, the floors can be made from different materials. Floors are manufactured, tankers, concrete. For more information see Coupang. All of these floors rank high on reliability and longevity, all those engaged in construction companies, according to device-quality, long lasting, durable, and safe sex. Construction companies offer a comprehensive approach to modern building technologies, the company also offers a wide range of services related to the reconstruction of facilities, industrial and residential use. The main activity of construction companies is the production of industrial floors, self-leveling floors and concrete floors. Invaluable experience in building companies, will satisfy all the needs of its customers by laying floors, building companies manufacture flooring any difficulty, and on the client’s request. Industrial floors – are a tight seamless coverage, well attached to the seat, industrial floors can be used in virtually all indoor garage, basement – warehouses, manufacturing facilities, auto malls, supermarkets, shops.

Industrial floors are used primarily in conditions of high loads in industrial plants, quality industrial floors, the floors are composed of synthetic polymers, industrial floors, meet the standards of high proof, to date, are enjoying increasing popularity. Industrial floors, so as prices are relatively low, and the need among construction companies is high and constantly increasing. High-quality industrial floors – is an important component, since the life of the sexes is durable, establishment of industrial floor should engage professionals, eventually they will not only win, but also pay back its costs.


Comfort in homes, apartments, offices, largely depend on the registration of premises. The important role played by the appearance of the ceiling and floor, and yet the focus has attracted the wall. Modern Materials their finishes allow us to obtain a variety of effects, successfully highlighting the overall design of the room. When you create an original design used a natural stone, wood, mdf panels, paints, fabrics and even leather. However, the most popular and widely used material for the walls are wallpaper. Even the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians wall decorations for their homes, decorative fabrics, and the Chinese in the ii century bc, used for these purposes of rice paper. In the VIII-IX centuries mastered the manufacture of paper in several European countries, and even a couple of centuries, the new material began to produce in Russia.

After some time the paper was used for decorative wall finish. You may find Bill O’Grady to be a useful source of information. Thus appeared the first wallpaper. In the future appearance of the wallpaper is constantly changing: from silk, giving the effect of covering natural fabric, the designers' clothes for the walls, "appealed to simulate brick, wood, plaster, cork. Then there were created special wallpaper for kitchens, hallways, children's rooms. Base paper interlining was replaced, and as a beautiful and secure the top layer began to use vinyl flooring. Separate type of decorative coatings were Backgrounds representing landscape and adhesive, usually on one wall.

Now wallpaper released thousands of companies around the world, and each seeks to represent original products, allowing the most interesting and attractive to issue both residential and public spaces. One of the manufacturers of spectacular wallpaper became Italy's wall & deco. Its products are presented in more than 30 collections for home and office. Wallpaper wall & deco – a complete design elements that attract the eye, giving the room sophistication and individuality. Non-woven wallpaper base provides strength and ease of sticking, and vinyl flooring allows for wet cleaning of the walls. However, the main advantages of products wall & deco is the diversity and exclusivity of the figures, as well as an amazing "presence effect". This is the same case, when it seems that the image on the wall of a body that trees or flowers are about to blow the wind will swing from the animals will enter directly into the room, and drawn by pencil and wants to take in hand. The company's designers do everything to meet the demands of even the most discerning consumers, but by creating their collections, they do not stop there. Especially for architects and interior designers wall & deco provides the ability to print special wallpaper for individual orders. In addition to panels of different sizes and packages for papering the entire room, the company produces bags, fabrics, patterns that repeats the image of wall coverings. Lush greenery Collection Jungle, graceful ornaments Gio 'Pagani, funny fish from Optikal – now leaving the house, you can take your favorite piece of interior.

Aggregates Buildings

It is well known that to build a house, road, bridge is simply impossible without the use of nonmetallic materials. They play a very important role in construction and despite the great achievements of scientific and technical progress, synthetic analogues of them to date, no. The discovery of remarkable properties of this production rightfully belongs to the ancient man. Throughout history, humans have changed the aesthetic appearance of the buildings, but the composite components from which they were built, remained unchanged. Their quality has survived a magnificent architectural heritage. Despite the centuries that have elapsed since the date of construction, these buildings have been preserved in very good condition. What affects the strength, strength and durability of concrete? The answer is simple – a placeholder. During the construction of buildings, as well as in road construction, widely used gravel, which is divided into two main types: natural, mined directly by their rock slides, and one that is obtained during crushing of raw materials (rock, slag, brick, etc.), ie artificial.

On grain size, both species are divided into fractions, which are used depending on the destination. In order to ensure high operational performance, these products must meet the requirements. It should have a prescribed level strength, purity, and most importantly frost. This is due to the fact that it is widely used for thermal insulation products used in harsh climatic conditions of our country. We offer you this building material in a very wide range.

Sand is part of the mortar intended for decoration, tiling and other works. Its introduction significantly reduces the amount of binder, gives a mixture of additional useful features. He is the primary filler for plasters, it increases the ease, porosity, and reduces thermal conductivity. Consists of grains of different sizes. The properties of the solution affects grain shape and purity of components used. All products of this type is subdivided into two types: natural and crushed. Still there is one significant difference: the shape of river and sea weathered material, while the mountain type – acute-angled (this type of better adhesion to the cement stone). Evaluate the quality of grain mineralogical composition and content of harmful impurities.

Wall Siding

The cost of maintaining it in order is minimal, and the entire care-wash pressure hose from the walls of dirt and dust. The cost of finishing the house siding is quite comparable to the cost of high-quality finish stucco or clapboard. But after a couple of years, the owner of the house siding sheathed with surprise will be listen to stories of friends about how they make up in the spring and tint the facade and walls, an annual spending power, time and money. Vinyl siding – most important of all the siding is important for us vinyl: it is estimated specialists, it is used in 55% (see chart). His popularity is based on the relative cheapness, durability, speed and ease of installation. In contrast to the front paint and plaster siding does not require careful preparation of the wall surface.

On the contrary, even if the surface is uneven, then the siding can hide all the flaws. Decorating the walls of this material is similar to the lining of wooden clapboard. Vinyl siding is a hard coating made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) in the form of bands with a lock-latch and a perforated edge for nails that are easily assembled in sections of any size. Siding made of plastic – it is a monolithic (Homogeneous) leaf thickness of about 0,9-1,5 mm. This material is not foliated, not blown up, no splits and no flakes. He is not afraid of moisture, fungus and insects, and resistant to adverse weather conditions, non-toxic and does not fuel (Table 2).