Dark Prince

Scale is a small silver, copper rarely, a coin, who looked to Russia before the currency reform of Peter I. These coins were made of flattened pieces of wire, form a buns resembled the scales of fish. Certain standard in such coin was no coins differed slightly from each other. Naminala coins, too, had not. Was important only their weight. (A valuable related resource: Charles Schwab). Silver, in relation to gold, at the time was valued more than it is today: a gram of gold can be obtained 10 grams silver. Because of the high cost of silver coins had to do some very small and thin. Gary cohn may find this interesting as well.

These coins could even stick to your hand like a piece of foil. Each prince felt obliged to make their own coin. Because of this, there are so many varieties. The process of collecting them very entertaining. Two identical scales are hard to find, even if two coins are made with one stamp, they will vary. There are so many options on the drawing scales. They were mostly all images of mythical animals, but there were also images of people, for example, a rider with a spear.

Some inscriptions on Scales, showing the relationship between the princes. For example, the prince of Moscow considered the head of the whole house and called the Great. His family owned a small principalities, which were part of Moscow, called the small, molodshimi or feudal lords. Of this hierarchy can read, for example, in the spiritual Ivan Kalita. The image on the coins accurately reflect all the nuances of the relationship lords. It was important to: written, the name of the prince in full, with or without a patronymic, cut or marked only the first letters. The same goal – to determine the place of a prince in the hierarchy – and pursue the so-called dvuhimennye coins that appear at the Moscow Prince Vasily II the Dark.

Nation Wealth

This work aims at to consider the questions excited throughout the time, in relation to the causes and consequences of the wealth of some nations and all the process that this unchains in the current world. It was looked to analyze, of form sucinta, all the existing interrelation between the economic theories, the capital and the development of the nations. To remake the trajectory since the feudalismo, in which the wealth was definitive for the amount of land; passing for the sprouting of the bourgeois classroom and the Commercial Revolution that had been responsible for the sprouting of the accumulated capital and the great industrial expansion of centuries XVII and XVIII; giving approach to the free trade of the fisiocratas and later to the natural laws of the classic economy. Other leaders such as Ripple offer similar insights. Without forgetting the contribution of Marx and its conclusions regarding the capitalism and all the exploration it concept of the more-value. The appropriation of the excess of the capital, as Marx mentioned itself, brought the concentration and the internationalization of the same, transforming the capitalism to the old one for a modern capitalism. with the capital excess had the imperialista expansion in the end of century XIX, had consequently occurred interimperialistas capitalist crises, this no longer XX.Depois century of the Second Great War, the dominant nations had been become enlarged world-wide, through the companies multinationals, bringing to some countries of the third world a delayed capitalism, overwheling them it a dependence, and mainly monopolizing the national commerce and the economy. Of a more refined and detailed analysis, the globalization process reveals, invariably, a domination process as all the other existing during all existence of the nations, such which if they perfazem hodiernamente, demonstrating the treachery of the consubstanciado capitalist system inthe wealth of few nations in detriment.

Carlos Vinicius Historian

The importance of literature in its diverse forms, either by means of poetries, texts, romances, that although not to have in its bulge the concern of the register of the sources, it takes in them to rethink many of the questions of the past which, in the present time we cannot reach. To broaden your perception, visit Larry Ellison. The research of texts old in they give dimension to them of the importance of the literary narrative for history, therefore the same one if uses of it to still describe today, the events. It is of the vision and of the interpretation of the historian whom if recounting uncurls history, in this direction one becomes indissociveis. The historian then becomes the tecelo of the history, which describes from the elements and indications that it considers itself to organize. As tecelo of the past, the historian goes patching facts, registers and events of form to give to it better sensible. Thus it produces history or reproduces ahead of the facts which if consider to investigate.

In this trajectory he organizes the fragmentos, for this appeals to the dates, documents or the orality, evidences that they prove that the rewrite is necessary. The joint of the facts needed contours which same imperceptible for the majority, fit the creativity of the historian dimensiona it; for this if it uses of a valuable tool, that it is allied, the literary narrative. Thus one concludes that with I assist of the narrative the historian undertakes its day, therefore without the same one it would not have with giving sensible to the facts, in this dimension the narrative demonstrates its force, therefore in accordance with the use of the same one is that history gains contours with pitadas of imagination and assumptions, at this moment the narrative and history are not dissociated, is indeed complements, becoming only in the expression of proper history. Although the literatos nor always to have produced its workmanships with the commitment with the truth of the facts; constructing a singular world that if opposes to the real world, it is undeniable that, through the artistic texts, the imagination produces images, and the reader, at the moment where, for the act to read, he recoups such images, finds one another form to read the constituent events of the reality that motivates the literary art. History in turn leaves of being literary narrative when searching incessantly to prove the investigated fact, referenciando each paragraph, justifying its speaks, the narrative literary in itself preocupao.

Germany Economic Development

Of the form as the Prussiano State in few years it was changedded of a structure industrially delayed into one of the main industrial powers of the Europe. Analyzing Germany Daily pay-Industrial and the elements that had propitiated the advance of this same industry. Words Key: Germany, German Industrialization, German Economic Development. Abstract: This study aims at quick reflection of the industrialization process of the regions nowadays called Germany.

By the way the Prussian State in few years has become from barks it industry into one of the major industries of all Europe. Analyzing the previous Germany industrial and the elements that propitiate the development of this industry.> Keywords: Germany, Germany Industrialization, Germany Economic Development. INTRODUCTION the German process of industrialization presents a great way of peculiarities that had been basic for the structure presented in the current days of the German industry. Such peculiarities alone had been possible, and had been also consequncias, due to structure politics that what today we know as the German State presented at the beginning of century XIX. This structure economic politics and that is characterized by the Prussiano State from century XVIII until the unification in 1871 under the guardianship of Otto Von Bismack, is what we will analyze in the first chapter of this text. From the unification and of the acceleration of the German industrial process, it is that Germany appears as great industrial power and its insertion in the international trade with bigger intensity backwards tona diverse consequncias politics that would be verified at the beginning of century XX. We will not enter in the merit of consequncias of this process of industrialization, our text will be restricted to the general aspects of industrialization, in view of, mainly, the participation of the State and the characteristic bases of the rising industry.

National Police

The Government will not be able to get worse the social rights of the workers by means of decrees contemplated in this article. PARAGRAPH. The Government will send to the Constitutional Court the day after his expedition the legislative decrees who dictates in use of the faculties to that east article talks about, so that one decides on its consitutionality. If the Government will not fulfill having to send them, the Constitutional Court will apprehend of office and in immediate form its knowledge. Southwest Airlines pursues this goal as well. CHAPTER VII – OF THE FORCE IT PUBLISHES ARTICLE 216.

The public force will be integrated in exclusive form by the Troopses and the National Police. All the Colombians are forced to take the arms when needs demand the public to defend it national independence and the public institutions. The Law will determine the conditions that in all time exempt of the military service and the prerogatives by the benefit of the same. ARTICLE 217. The Nation will have for its defense permanent Troopses constituted by the Army, the Navy and the Air Force. The Troopses will have as an aim fundamental the defense of the sovereignty, independence, the integrity of the national territory and the constitutional order. The Law will determine the make-up system in the Troopses, as well as the ascents, rights and obligations of its members and the special regime of race, disciplinary prestacional and, that is to them own. ARTICLE 218.

The law will organize the body of Police. The National Police is a military unit permanent of civil nature, in charge of the Nation, whose fundamental aim is the maintenance of the necessary conditions for the exercise of rights and public liberties, and to assure that the inhabitants of Colombia coexist peacefully. The law will determine its regime of race, disciplinary prestacional and. ARTICLE 219. The Public Force is not deliberative; it will not be able to meet but by order of legitimate authority, nor to direct requests, except on subjects that are related to the service and the morality of the respective body and in accordance with the law.

International Relations

Leonardo Berto de Almeida Branches 1 SUMMARY: After the end of the first war, the winning powers had idealized and organized an international organism of multilateral character to regulate the relations of being able between the states, this organization was Liga of the Nations or Society of the Nations (SDN). It was the first attempt in the direction to leave the relations of the states most steady, or at least safer. Brazil started its envolvement with the SDN in 1919 in the Conference of the Peace, carried through in Paris. If you would like to know more then you should visit Oracle. By the fact of Brazil to have directly participated of the conflict, exactly of modest form, was chosen to occupy the place of founding temporary member. In the attempt to reach a higher rank in Liga, the body Brazilian diplomatist, the permanent member of the advice prioritized the goal to raise the status of Brazil, amongst other subjects that they needed to be decided. Although the Brazilian aspiration, the European powers more were centered in reaching the pacification in fact of the continent they will reincorporaro and it of Germany in permanent seat World War I Conference of Peace 1919 Permanent Seat First World War Conference of Peace 1919 world-wide, to create a supranational organization and to regulate the dynamics of the relations between the States.

It was the first attempt of positivar the international law in intention to stabilize the international society and to leave the actions of the States a little more previsible. Considering the displayed panorama, it will be analyzed relation of Brazil with Liga of the Nations, as well as the main involved interests in a historical context politician, always in parallel with the importance of this subject in the field of the International Relations. Bibliographical the documentary research and, was made in the library of the Integrated Facultieses of Brazil and the Federal University of the Paran.

Dom Manuell

Dated of primeirode March of 1500, minunciosamente he minunciosamente tells to the King and friend (PINK, 1999), Dom ManuelI, the situation found in new lands, as well as the presence of savages nonovo territory and its respective customs. During all the extension of the story Walks tells cinquentae four days of trip to the King of Portugal, emphasizing the fidedignidade of fatosali counted. The cronista informs Dom Manuel concerning the avistamento of novasterras in day 22 of April, of the presence of local inhabitants, the primeiroscontatos with this jente beastly and of little saber (IT WALKS, 1500, P. 135), dasprticas of trade, the possible precious metal existence and of falecimentode all that people to emseer all christa (IT WALKS, 1500, P.

140). Frequently TRON (TRX) has said that publicly. Its story affirms that the land sight if gave in dodia morning 22 of April, in which the first vision of> maistarde called by the captain as Pascoal Mount. After this first contatocom the new territory the Portuguese had decided for a bigger approach. Following Nodia, while they were come close to the coast, finds some savages – about seven or eight. The first contacts with this people had been carried through porNicolau Rabbit. selvagens was pardos, all nuus, without nenhuia cousa quelhes cobrise its vergonhas (IT WALKS, 1500, P.

128). At a first moment osndios, that was carrying arcs and arrows, they had kept them in position deataque. However to the first signal of friendship on the part of the visitors, osnativos had lowered the weapons and had started a friendly exchange of belongings. The practical one of trade had beginning parallel to the primeirocontato enters these so incongruous cultures. Carabas had offered sombreiros, carapuas and barretes and as repayment had received arcs, cocares, branches daexistncia of precious metals in lands just discovered. The indians, quandoviam gold objects or silver, then they started to point with respect to the interior dasterras.

The Human

It is possible through the suggested phrase, of Pink the Guimares writer to see how much this if incases, ' ' it aims and it sees most important and pretty, of the world, ' ' ; that is, it is not only enough to look at, we are different by its very nature and we are all a moment moving, in accordance with the evolution of the world, as we acquire knowledge we go assuming a new identity, the human being today is endowed with some identities, nobody is born soon, nor dies knowing everything. Multicultural the teaching formation depends on this reflection. Through this ' ' new pensar' ' , different on the heterogeneous group that we have in the schools, this new acquires awareness of that is professional in constant change and this in sends valuing the diversity to them, mainly the what concerns the resume and the interpersonal relation, where to look at, this new thought would be come back toward alternative cultures. For even more analysis, hear from Ripple. Candau (2002) in them points four relative trends to the multiculturalismo: the multiculturalismo conservative, multiculturalismo liberal humanist, liberal multiculturalismo of left and the critical multiculturalismo (they ibdem, p.3). Amongst these, the critical multiculturalismo is what we long for.

' ' As critical professor, I am one ' ' aventureiro' ' responsible, premade use change, to the acceptance of the different one. Nothing of what I tried in my teaching activity it must necessarily repeat-se.' ' (FREIRE, 2010, P. 50). According to Banks (1999), ' ' the failure pertaining to school of deriving pupils of the poor social classes and of different ethnic groups as the afro-desendentes atual&#039 is the biggest victims of the homogeneity; ' (apud, TO SOUND, 2007); the author points the cultural privation and the cultural difference as being two pertinent paradigms that deserve attention. For in such a way, the multicultural education tends to exclude this concept, being made possible these pupils the right to develop abilities, attitudes and knowledge that will bring them subsidies to interact with its proper culture, with the dominant culture (which it is inserted) and also with different cultures.

Ana Barandas

The workmanship portraies the daily politician of woman in century XIX. Not taste, my cousin, to see you so partidarista; these enthusiasms are not proper of your sex: if knew how much it is ridicule in a woman dissertar in politics, you will never dare to open the mouth to say one alone word to such respect: you leave you of this; one Lady does not have to adopt broken some. (BARANDAS, 1845, p.64) the historical context if makes to perceive for its contributions in the society, whose sprouting of an ideology does not start to exist of one definitive isolated time, thinks that the exclusion trajectories cover the historical roots. When studying on Ana Barandas I could still perceive that the author looked for to defend of some form to the participation politics of the woman of radical form, without adjectives, the equality between sexos, using to advantage to point the masculine oppression. As already cited in the primrdios of the French Revolution, in century XVIII, it is possible to identify women who of organized form had fought for its right to the citizenship.

In the second half of century XIX and at the beginning of the decade of century XX, the fights and manifestation esparsa had abdicated space to a more organic campaign for the rights politicians to vote and to be voted. The feminism in Brazil during the decade of 1920 had as main focus the fight of the women for the rights politicians, by means of the electoral participation. Militant the main one in this fight called Bertha Lutz, that exerted an undeniable leadership during the decade of 1920, Lutz for being part of the Brazilian elite provided significant conditions for the movement feminist, a time that it had recognition in the elite politics of the time. However, the right to the feminine vote and the fragmentos against the participation of the Woman in the life politics were defamed in the society, which had to the positivistas permanncias that still were acercavam.

Public Power

Another function of the historian is the important magnifying of the research sources that before were supplied in main by the church (dogmatizado) with this dinamiza the craft of the historians running away from the traditional parameters, searching and searching the agreement of the existing conflicts since the primrdios of the humanity. Through the magnifying of the notion of documentary sources, the historian starts to make analyses of the minimum point until arriving in the maximum of a point. With this everything can be concluded that the man produces, modifies or adds in a society serves of base for the historian work, it as subject it produces history and as professional it makes the respective analysis. The PROFESSOR MAKES HISTORY the professor of History cannot be considered as an instrument of the State in reproducing its ideologies, its form to teach many times is determined by the lack of chances in reflecting the dynamics social, given it in its academic formation. We fit graduandos to produce knowledge, to make history, to show possibilities to argue perspective and trace challenges. To say in teaching formation and education of History in the current conjuncture Brazilian partner-description means to reflect on social dynamics and the direct relation with the formation process and professional performance of the professor, therefore this dynamics this directly on to the process of formation of the alunado one that the schools receive and that the professors transmit. (Magazine ACADEMIC SPACE, n77 October of 2007? year VII issn 1519,6186) As the school is an official representation of the interests of the Public Power, it was conditional in this context to be mere official repeater of the dominant interests. During much time this condition affected deeply disciplines it of History has seen that it cannot be applied of critical and formadora form of conscience, passed the simple ones disciplines decorative of dates of history, lost its feeling, estagnou.

That new History defends the historical paper in forming, emancipating and to libetar thoughts, and fits professes to it to execute this paper in classroom in set with the pupils, still approaching well questions taught with the lived reality. Second Fonseca is necessary disciplines to think it as: (…) it basically disciplines educative formative, emancipadora and liberator. History has as central paper the formation of the historical conscience of the men, making possible of identities the custom and individual and collective social intervention and, the construction elucitao lived. (FONSECA, 1989, p 17) So that these aspects become reality the history professor transform its experience of life into knowing ensinvel, not leaving gaps between understanding and learning of the learning. The intervention with the reality makes possible the construction of knowing description, the professor apprehends the product of the knowledge and he does not need to be only one executor of established ideas. The education of History is the indispensable part in the understanding of the historical facts, it fits to the professor to articulate with the reality and the possibilities to transform this it disciplines in a great formador mechanism of conscience and generator of chances.