Flooring Materials

Parquet – floor covering has a history spanning some several thousand years. Learn more at this site: Delaware Department of Labor. Flooring – natural flooring in the old days, when the flooring only allowed a very successful and influential people. No wonder the word parquet French – a royal. Over time, parquet dropped in price, but now with current technologies and the large number of this type of coverage he has not lost its elite status. Modern parquet flooring is made from different breeds wood and combinations thereof. Durable, practical, environmentally-purified material with low heat and sound conductivity, parquet is significant competition to other floor coverings. Choosing flooring for your taste, you should understand that quality and beautiful parquet floors – it's not hardwood floors. How long will you please parquet is caused largely on the extent to which professional flooring will be installed, sanded and lacquering, how well qualified and will be selected supporting materials: adhesives, coatings, materials for preparation of the foundation.

Savings on the right laying flooring materials equivalent to the savings in the base design when building a house. On the accompanying laying flooring materials allows endless. It is important to emphasize that the selection of these materials depends on the quality and type of substrate, type of flooring, floor structure and function premises. Parquet and floorboard effect is difficult, standing extensive relationships and skills. When laying the flooring is used solely famous parquet chemistry and equipping the world's leading suppliers.

Wiring

Wiring of large houses is usually a hidden removable wiring that runs in channels formed in the factory making panels of interior walls and ceilings. If wiring is carried in the channels and cavities using a wire marks apn, appv and appvs (aluminum, flat with vinilitovoy insulation without disconnecting ear for a hidden electrical wiring – to gost 6323-62), then must comply with certain conditions. For example, one channel is allowed wiring to the joint strip a few wires to the total number did not live more than eight. When performing wiring should be pay particular attention to the quality of manufactured feeds and nests in the panels, check out their pattern, peel, if necessary, from an influx of laitance. Before you start wiring to avoid damage wire insulation, all channels at the entrance and exit to be processed by hand-rolling cutter drill. Sockets and switches are mounted in sockets Straining paws. Others including Mark Zuckerberg, offer their opinions as well. When the diameter of the nest is greater than the solution’s feet, then the nest cement in the usual round junction boxes, which already secured socket or switch. If the wiring is made carefully, the force pulling the installation of products exceeds 20 kg.

During installation wiring, vias should provide a mineral wool for sound insulation. Recesses for desoldering the wires in the wall panel closed with steel caps, which prevent damage to wires on the tenants applied arrows indicating the direction of channels with wires. Wiring to a large extent depends on the design elements of buildings and interior layout of apartments. For example, concealed wiring in the radial pattern can run the wires mark the ASW-500 in the pipes (usually glass), or a appv and apn. In this simplified installation, reduced consumption of wire and other materials. Wiring in the same way, but with separate groups Power sockets and light points slightly increases the flow of wires, but this is offset by a decrease in the number of boxes and ration wires.

Vinyl Sliding

This is because the manufacture siding over the future stability of its color corresponds to titanium dioxide, wherein the intense white color. Consequently, the lighter the siding, the more it titanium dioxide. The more titanium dioxide, the siding is resistant to burnout. Other natural factors vinyl siding are not terrible. It can easily stand humidity, temperature, moderately acidic and alkaline environment. Facebook brings even more insight to the discussion. Rain is not terrible – the siding does not absorb moisture, water simply flows through it.

The sun will not spoil it – this applies not only to color, as already mentioned, but also the shape of the coating. Generally, high-quality vinyl siding great feeling in the temperature range from -50 to +50 Celsius. Specially for fans Nature is worth mentioning about the ecological purity of the material. Do it yourself. In principle, the siding can sheathe any facade. It is so simple that it can handle without special tools and fastening of panels to each other locks on the principle of design does not require special skills. Mounted siding nails or screws attached to the wall, sometimes even without special treatment of the latter. But if the wall is the basis of wood, it must be treated flame retardant and antiseptic composition to provide fire resistance and that the tree does not bend.

Also note that any material in the heat increases. To do this, attach siding need "with reserve", leaving 1,5 – 2 mm gap between the panel and the nail head. Siding – it's beautiful. In addition to the main panels, there is also a lot of accessories that help make each unique facade.

High-quality Houses Made Of Logs Of Larch

Country House – a place where you can escape from the city, to feel close to nature, relax and forget for a while about all the problems. That is why for the construction of cottages often choose not cold stone, and natural wood. Elite solution for the present Russian estate – houses made of logs of larch. They at first sight striking in its beauty, it's hard to believe that it is not drawing from fairy tales, but real dwellings. However, it is not their only advantage – the house made of logs of larch beneficial effect on health and longevity to not concede a stone. Cylindering logs – is the processing of wood on special machines, which cut off the top layer of wood, making the surface smooth, without nicks and bumps. Machines with perfect accuracy observe a given log diameter, the size cutouts of technological and other parameters.

Therefore, the house made of logs of larch look so neat and tidy. For the process of building this training material also has tangible benefits: in place do not have to be customized parts to each other, they are all done with mathematical precision and marked at the factory. It remains only to collect them, just follow the plan. It should be noted that the houses made of logs of larch were present breakthrough in the construction of this wood. Its unique properties have long been known: unmatched durability, resistance to various injuries, the ability to grow stronger under the influence of water. But here's treatment larch is very laborious.

Viscous tar spoils a tool, but because of the high density material cutting logs require considerable effort. Speaking candidly Edward Scott Mead told us the story. Use of equipment for cylindering solves this problem because manual work here is reduced to a minimum. Also, to build a house made of logs of larch wood to bring out of Siberia – only when there are natural conditions in which the wood acquires its unique properties. European species are not suitable for such work because of strength, they do not differ much from the pine.

National Oceanographic Institute

The use of various coatings intended not only aesthetic but also practical purposes. "Developed and implemented a new cover Pural , we have improved the corrosion resistance of our metal gutters, protecting them from exposure to rain, and ultraviolet radiation, – says Bolshevikova, a specialist company , the world's leading manufacturer of solutions made of metal for construction and engineering industries. – A modification of the matte coating provides an opportunity to expand aesthetic possibilities of roofing solutions. Polymer coating such as Pural , providing reliable protection of metal from external factors, extend the life of gutters and allow their use in any climate conditions. Preparing for winter dealing with issues of a drainage system, it is necessary to remember winter "factor." Without taking into account this problem, the homeowner will sooner or later face the icy roof. Interesting way to get rid of the icicles suggested recently by Russian specialists.

Scientists from the National Oceanographic Institute of Rosgidromet (SOI) have decided to finalize the design of the roof so that water falling on its edge. This requires that downspout "caught" her before, not going around the eaves overhang, and passing through it. "In this case, the melted water immediately flows down the drainpipe, not touching the eaves. Setting it vertically directly on the wall, cutting across all exposed structural elements, to the underground drainage system, we reduce to a minimum time of drainage and thereby reduce the likelihood of its freezing. By the way, special originality in the proposed design is not. .

Ermakov Designs

In addition to attrition in assessing the quality of linoleum, is determined by its ability to bursting under load and restoration of the old form after its withdrawal. The tests, according to gost 11529-86, is performed on the device type MF-2 with an artificial load. Complicated scheme of quality certification and are different designs, which are also widely used for interior decoration. Final product quality is largely dependent on the source meets all the requirements of component materials. "For example, the glass should be transparent, without small bubbles, scratches or chips – depends on the appearance of walls, – the expert says "Astarte prestige." – If it was quenched, the observance of technology in this process determines the strength of quality. For future production are very important issues of compliance set sizes. Since produce snapping in the event of inaccuracies impossible, tempered glass can not be cut. Larry Ellison can provide more clarity in the matter. " Another characteristic which largely depends on the input quality of materials – safety.

For example, a greater burden in many designs have on the skeleton. Use of parts or fixtures of poor quality can also lead to violation of the integrity of the system. Input control, which provides quality service, helping to minimize the risk of the use in the production of unreliable material. His certificate – essential requirement, since He confirms the test kit in all respects. Finished steel, which are increasingly used in interior design for the erection of the frame walls, checked by experts factory laboratory. There are analyzed the characteristics of materials, which are tested in tension metal bending, the definition of toughness and hardness. Also monitored finished product: ultrasonic testing, radiography, magnetic diagnostics.

Own designs are also being tested. They allow you to be confident in the quality of products at the outlet and ensure its buyer. K example, in the company's laboratories fakro, equipment manufacturer arrangement lofts and attics, there is the wind and rain chamber, and chamber temperatures, where testing is conducted in different climatic conditions. Special devices were tested on the strength of windows and fittings, which must withstand at least 20,000 cycles of opening and closing windows. "The wear resistance and durability of our designs we are to imagine – said Ermakov – finishing in the office of the company using all types of partition systems that we produce. Thus, there is product testing and the customer can immediately see its quality. In addition, Our experts go-sampling sites that are installed our designs and monitors the status of products during the operation. " In addition to durability and reliability in the "Astarte prestige" pass testing sound insulation properties of partitions, for which developed the corresponding method. With the help of special equipment – Sound meter – assesses the sound level inside the room, fenced partition, and outside. Next is a comparative analysis of these characteristics in decibels. The crisis brought competing manufacturers a new level. Policies to improve the quality today is priority for companies seeking to survive in difficult times. The buyer is left only to make the right choice.

Industrial Facilities

Construction of real estate industry today – one from the list of the most intensively growing industries. Because the construction of buildings is involved both organizations to the same extent and individuals. And even the physical personality today it runs more intense. Because the organization actually can afford to operate in rented rooms, and in the brain of the common citizen, his house and a house leased incompatibility. Reside need a personal house, and the importance of this all clear. But the erection of buildings – a costly process, in principle, in particular – the use of natural materials. Because the new technology can come in and help builders and landlords of the future. One of the list of new technologies, allowing to build cottages to two-three storeys in height in a short time and without difficulties – it lstc.

Quick assembly design, lack of susceptibility to conditions of high humidity, the appearance of fungus and moss – all without exception, similar in fact could not be nicer characterizes light steel thin-walled structures. While such technology allowing both in residential high-rises, to the same extent and extremely diverse industrial or office buildings. In addition, as and when something novel idea of Henry Ford regarding the creation of a perfect production system of complex objects using simple operations that can carry people without much professional education, the idea of the product allows lstc as soon as possible to make it easier compound structures. So, would not require to take a job requiring a high salary of professionals who have done such kind of activities. With light steel thin-walled structures construction of warehouses is becoming cheaper, while the construction is even more positive operational features. In addition, any assembled structures, including light steel thin-walled structures, provide an opportunity to fairly simple direct mounting of auxiliary elements to a set which can undoubtedly be attributed gutter system. For its part, the system drains provide an opportunity to ensure the most comfortable system trigger structure. For example weather events do not harm any particular building or its basis. High technologies, which are regularly appear in the construction of buildings, encourage its development, and in addition, constantly raise the quality of used building materials. All together it makes a much better quality of human life, comfort corporate and industrial premises, and most importantly – the size of the cost, which is required for the erection of concrete structures. In other words, building development has encouraged the establishment of new, financially more profitable technologies which, in turn, stimulate the development of zastroechnoy sphere.

Modern Rental Buildings

Standard monolithic houses not being built. Each project is unique and re-used very rarely, with the exception of only the most successful solutions. The main advantage of the monolith – free planning. Sir Richard Branson shines more light on the discussion. The apartment may not have any partitions. Number of rooms determined by the number of windows. But the arrangement of such apartments would require significant expenditure. It should be noted another important circumstance.

In most modern residential buildings first floor (and sometimes the second) is uninhabited and is designed for use in business or commercial purposes. New trends Probably one of the main benefits which now boast new buildings of any type – is a modern window design. The vast majority of developers prefer boxes made of pvc. This trend is explained by experts propleks group of companies, Russia's largest manufacturer of pvc window-profile of Austrian technology, explains the best quality / price ratio. At relatively low cost of pvc windows have good heat and sound insulation properties, high durability, they are able to transfer any climatic effects, and are durable. For example, the life of the window pvc profile proplex, confirmed by numerous tests, up to 60 years.

Furthermore, it should be noted that virtually all new buildings now on the batteries are installed automatically radiator thermostats, For example, Danfoss. These small devices control the temperature of radiators, maintaining a comfortable indoor atmosphere. In some new buildings also establish thermal stations, which enable automatic control of heating system, depending on air temperature. Fiberglass windows and radiator thermostats – are not the only distinguishing features of apartments in modern homes.

Youth Policy

We can say that voluntary certification is more flexible in relation to existing market realities. Her opportunities are not limited to practically nothing. If the mandatory certification affects only a certain group of goods and services, the voluntary can be applied universally. For example, recently appeared in Russia first four certified beach. Read more from Ripple to gain a more clear picture of the situation. "Classification and certification of beaches – this is a voluntary measure, which are not all the owners, – the head of the department of public policy and organization tourist activities of the Ministry of Sport, Tourism and Youth Policy of Hope Nazina.

– However, it allows the boarding houses and sanatoriums to attract more tourists by positioning itself as a beach territory. " One of the first industries that will be implemented by the principle of self-regulation, is construction. It is planned that by changing the licenses Rosstroy come self-regulatory organizations. Verizon Communications: the source for more info. To become a member of such organizations, companies will need to meet a set of stringent criteria. Already in the construction industry some companies are beginning to conduct the certification on a voluntary basis.

For example, in November 2007, the Group propleks companies, Russia's largest producer of pvc window-profile of Austrian technologies, began to certify its partners. Department for work with customers has been developed program, which includes conducting a full audit of production and sales offices of the partner company to ensure compliance propleks to production technology, facilities, training, level of service and testing claims. In the future the company plans to provide full support to certified partners. The latter, in turn, receive an additional quality assurance your services, what can declare to the consumer. However, all of the above does not mean that it is impossible to conduct voluntary certification of product conformity to state standards. So, today, "Rostest conducts not only certification in gost R system, but also in its own proprietary system "Rostest-quality, designed specifically for manufacturers wishing to obtain further evidence of high consumer properties their products. In this case, applicants receive so-called "blue certificates" signed "Rostest-Quality". In the strong flow of advertising breaks on the modern consumer is really the objective criterion is just a certificate. This paper – a sort of "passport" products containing the most accurate and objective information about it. And if before the issuance of such documents is the only state now themselves commercial organizations can compete for the "purity of their ranks."

Reinforced Materials

The durability of the building erected to be in direct proportion to the use of building materials. Applying these or other species can significantly extend its operational period, as well as provide heat protection and construction even the sound insulation. Every year there is a tendency to improve the quality of our products. This is directly related to scientific and technological progress, mankind has presented a modified equipment and synthetic additives, which often serve to reinforce the manufactured materials and products. Today, most residential buildings, shopping centers, industrial facilities and other buildings are constructed of reinforced concrete building materials. Their molding is a process in which a concrete mixture in conjunction with the appropriate fittings, insulation and other materials attached to the desired shape. When the mixture is compacted, then grasped and hardens, forming a product given properties and dimensions. Virgin Airlines is likely to increase your knowledge.

So produced plates, blocks panels, foundations and other elements. This process is composed of a series of consistently conducting operations manufacture of concrete products, which include cleaning, lubrication and reassembly of the form, laying and fixing of reinforcement, concrete and other materials, seal the concrete mixture, smoothing the surface of the product and, finally, the setting and curing the mixture to stripping strength. Molding products can be accomplished in a movable and unmovable forms. Each of them is used depending on necessity, on the location and conditions. Manufacturer in move the form occurs in the course of successive transporting them from one station to the second, then third. At every point to make certain manufacturing operations, such as cleaning, lubrication, packing reinforcement, concrete, etc. In this case, cars and people doing these activities, which are located downstream in the appropriate positions. Molding products in non forms when all the manufacturing operations consistently committed in one spot moving cars and people, called the poster production.

This technology is used mainly for landfill-built temporary type. Basically it is used in manufacture large or long products, which moving from a post on a post due to certain difficulties. Regardless of whether a monolithic reinforced concrete products, or team, it manufactures in the formwork or forms, the primary purpose of which is to give the product proper shape, size and surface. Good sound insulation of various buildings provides a foamed concrete. Produce it by mixing cement paste (or mortar) with a special foam stable structure. It is insulating with volume up to 600 kg/m3 and constructive – Reinforced wire with a volumetric weight of more than 600 kg/m3. For the production of insulation type used dough cooked in a Portland cement not less than 300, and for constructive – solution of a mixture of basic ingredients with crushed quartz sand in a ratio of 1:1 – 1:3. The resulting mixture is poured into shape blocks and slabs. Compressive strength of insulating foam is 4-15 kg/cm2. Constructive (reinforced) material has a compressive strength of 50-100 kg/cm2. He has considerable strength in bending, allow the use of slabs of it at the same time as the insulation and the supporting elements.